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The goal of "assessment" is to measure how well students have learned course concepts. In many cases, assessments are tied directly into course grades (e.g. a project, quiz or exam), but some techniques are they are used by the instructor to assess overall class performance or attendance (e.g. quick poll, discussion questions in class, student surveys).
It's up to the instructor to determine which assessments count towards a course grade and which are used for internal course evaluation. Note that non-graded assessments are an important tool to allow students to communicate their concerns or questions without risking grade penalties.
These are different tools used to measure student learning. Some may count towards a course grade, while others may be used by the instructor to assess overall teaching effectivness.
This refers to techniques that instructors can use to quickly assess student comprehension of a topic, but are not necessarily graded in detail. Techniques include:
Taken from (Funderstanting 2001)
|Presents students with real-world challenges that require them to apply their relevant skills and knowledge.
For example: take students to a stock market to do a field study.
|Portfolio assessment||Student creates a set of "artifacts" that demonstrate mastery of course concepts
For example:a collection of papers, a journal, drawings, video presentations, proposals, Powerpoint or print presentations, tc.
Brookhart, S. M. (1999). The art and science of classroom assessment: The missing part of pedagogy. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report (Vol. 27, No.1). Washington, DC: The George Washington University, Graduate School of Education and Human Development.
Daniel, G. & Cox, K. (2002). Measures of learning in higher education. Retrieved May 14, 2003 from City University of Hong Kong's Web site: http://webtools.cityu.edu.hk/news/newslett/measures.htm
Erwin, T. D. (1991). Assessing student learning and development: A guide to the principles, goals, and methods of determining college outcomes. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Funderstanding (2001). Assessment: How will we know if learning occurs? Retrieved May 14, 2003 from http://www.funderstanding.com/assessment.cfm
Wiggins, G. (no date). Assessment glossary. Retrieved May 14, 2003 from http://www.uwlax.edu/provost/assessment/A_glossary.htm [No Longer Available]